University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Glossary

This tab provides a glossary of common military or Veterans-related terms. We will add to this glossary as needed, so if you would like us to add something, feel free to let us know.

 

Active Duty

Active Duty refers to military service members who are currently serving full-time in a military capacity in one of the five branches of the military. Often this term applies to service members who serve in the regular components of the Armed Forces under contract or commission, but it may also apply to members of the Reserve components who are mobilized or activated, individually or as a unit, to augment contingency operations.

At UIUC, a large component of our Veterans have served on Active Duty, but only a small percentage of our students who are still serving are Active Duty members, still serving either as cadre in the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) programs or as part of educational programs that they are attending under Active Duty military orders—they may or may not be required to wear uniforms.

 

Reserves

Each of the five branches of the military has a reserve component. Individuals who join the Reserves (referred to as Reservists) complete much of the same military training and maintain many of the same requirements as those on Active Duty; however, unlike Active Duty, Reservists only serve in a military capacity on a part-time basis—typically, one weekend a month and two weeks a year (Annual Training). Reservists are subject to mobilization (also called activation) to serve in a full-time capacity while augmenting Active Duty components.

Many student Veterans at UIUC are Reservists who are attending classes full-time while fulfilling their military commitments part-time. The Campus Code of Policies and Regulations provides accommodation for Reservists who are mobilized or whose orders occasionally conflict with their course schedules.

 

National Guard

The National Guard is a joint component of the US Army and US Air Force, comprising the Army National Guard and Air National Guard. Service in the National Guard is structured very similarly to the Reserves, with Guard members (also called “citizen soldiers”) attending much the same training and maintaining many of the same requirements as the Active Duty components, but performing their service on a part-time basis while attending school or pursuing a civilian career. As with the Reserves, Guard members are subject to mobilization to serve in a full-time military capacity. Unlike the Reserves, however, which are federal, the National Guard is a state militia under the command of the governor and can be activated for either federal service or state service in response to domestic emergencies and disasters like floods, tornadoes, or civil unrest.

A number of student Veterans at UIUC are Guard members who are attending classes full-time while fulfilling their military commitments part-time. The Campus Code of Policies and Regulations provides accommodation for Guard members who are mobilized or whose orders occasionally conflict with their course schedules.